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DD'eDeN
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http://cuevadelapileta.blogspot.com/2017/03/egyptian-ritual-images-from-neolithic.html

http://malaysiandigest.com/frontpage/29-4-tile/664521-ancient-egyptian-statues-holding-modern-designer-handbags-is-latest-evidence-of-aliens-and-time-travel.html

https://westhunt.wordpress.com/2017/03/15/black-egyptians/

https://blog.frontiersin.org/2017/03/14/did-humans-create-the-sahara-desert/

A new paper in Frontiers in Earth Science by archaeologist Dr. David Wright, from Seoul National University, South Korea, challenges this view and suggests that humans may have also played an active role in driving climate change in this period.

“During the African Humid Period the Sahara had a completely different vegetation regime” explains Wright. “All of the plants that are found in the Sahara today were there, but you also had plants that are found in the Sahel, the semi-arid zone to the south of the Sahara, and even types of plants that are found in the Congo rainforest”. This so-called ‘Green Sahara’ was also capable of supporting large animals – rock paintings made in northern Africa dated to this time period depict crocodiles, elephants and giraffes, animals that could not be sustained in the Sahara today.

The wet conditions also had an important influence on human sustainability and cultural development, allowing humans to thrive in foraging and fishing communities. “Unlike a lot of other places, people in the Sahara became very sedentary, there was really no need for agriculture”, says Wright. “One of the dietary staples of people living in that period was Nile perch, an enormous 150 kg fish, and this was only possible due to the huge Saharan lakes which could support abundant fish and fishing populations”.

But such favorable conditions didn’t last. Although the exact timing and spatial distribution is still under debate, there is consistent agreement in geological and archaeological records that beginning approximately 8,200 years ago, the Sahara began a trend towards more and more arid conditions. Over the course of the next 3500 years, the landscape of northern Africa shifted from a diverse, wet ecosystem to conditions similar to those found today.

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DD'eDeN
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This is powerful information.

> > Nyama (Mbuti pygmy) animal
> > A ny ma = animate (mobile)
> > Fita (Mbuti pygmy) pole sapling
> > (Bbq) Spit/s.pike/post/picket in p.socket/punt in cunt-vent/p.l.unge im.pl.ant = ja.mbo= njama(thick)=jam(join.t)=pemmican(pounded fish.herb.berry)=em.bara.zada(em.pre.gn.ate)=bearer/ferry

Bunch/abundance/band/bushel/bus/bundle/bounty/embody/booty/(con/dis)tribute/tribe/contra-band

Note: ancient beads in France are miniature handbags/baskets. Compare to early clay tokens symbolic of trade goods used before coins.


http://malaysiandigest.com/frontpage/29-4-tile/664521-ancient-egyptian-statues-holding-modern-designer-handbags-is-latest-evidence-of-aliens-and-time-travel.html

Possibly ointment receptacles (Hermione @ HOM)/medicine bags or ember carriers(DD).

See abaslu, abalu here:
Assyrian-Babylonian dictionary: https://oi.uchicago.edu/sites/oi.uchicago.edu/files/uploads/shared/docs/cad_a1.pdf

abaslu/abalu = bring = bagi(Malay) ~ bag/bearing

> at-lo(Aka Bea) with-fire (west Andaman)
> at (Aka Bea) fire (west Andaman)
> apo (Nihali) fire (Central India)
> api (Malay) fire (Malay-Indonesia)
> ape (Ainu) fire (north Japan)
> apa (Mbuti) fire (Congo Basin)
> ur (Hebrew) fire (Canaan-Levant)
> utu (Sumer) sun god (Mesopotamia)
>xamax (Assyr) sun god (Mesopotamia)

[note: see AHR protein unique to AMHs - smoke tolerance - smoldering ember transit among Congo, Andaman & Tasmanian Pygmies.]
- - -
https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/#qkxUS5HEU2ZKeKV8.97

"Some forty prehistoric engravings, more than 14,000 years old, have been discovered in Finistere, at the town of Plougastel-Daoulas, in Brittany (northwestern France)."

Read more at https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2017/03/14000-years-old-engraved-tablets.html#sYVbhrISPKXBZyg5.99

14ka aurochs tablet/pamphlet etching in Brittany shows radiating lines = Aura/Oro(Spanish: gold)/Toro(Spanish: bull)/Toro(Japanese: tiger (orange stripes)) = Sun-tiger-lion-morning hORizon/ORder/WORship ~ aurat(Arabic) hair-fur-clothing zone to be hidden from sun(burn) ~ "modesty"
dobra UtRA (Russian) good mORNinG ~ ORaNGe Glow-yellow-red = Ochre/smokered
guten mORGen (German) " "
Ur (Hebrew: fire)

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xyambuatlaya

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Tehutimes
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Linguistic similarities from Congo to Japan very interesting. I guess you know Yoruba and Akan surnames & place names have virtual counterparts in East Asia.Edo State:Nigeria Azuka:Yoruban name
Edo a Japanese city Azuka also a Japanese name.

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Tehutimes

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DD'eDeN
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“Great Temple” is the name given to the sanctuary which was built in the 7th century BC in the small village Yeha in the northern Ethiopia Highlands. It was erected by immigrants from Saba in today’s Yemen following the South Arabian standards. Today the temple, with a preserved height of 14m, is the most significant sacral building in East Africa.

The Great Temple of Yeha was consecrated to the main god of the Yemeni kingdom of Saba, Almaqah. Today the temple remains visible from a great distance. The building material was not the local sandstone, but carefully smoothed white limestone, which had to be transported from the quarries of Wuqro, located some 80 km east of the temple. The sanctuary was considered not only a cult place, but also as a statement of political power of Di’amat, a community developed in the early 1st millennium BC in the Ethiopian Highlands. The Great Temple was probably destroyed by a fire around the mid-1st century. A church built within the temple in the 6th century prevented the total destruction of the structure

Read more at https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2017/03/restoration-of-2700-year-old-ethiopian.html#PrBukSemV4LXdHoA.99
- - -

Note: name of god worshipped? Yeha YHWH YaHuWeHa?
Note: temple ~ tepl(Aztec) ~ table(English:food offering)

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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Tehutimes, rather than being surprised to see similarities, I'm more often surprised to see differences, which indicates some change unnoticed previously.

Major cause of change: climate of speaker's ancestors differ from speakers, such as a change from rainforest to dry desert over a few generations. The tones reduce, the clicks increase, and consonants move higher or deeper into throat, eg. g <-> c.

Akan seems related to Aka/Bye-Aka (Congo) and Aka Bea (Andamans), but I haven't checked.

We speak one language in 7.5 billion ways.

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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Academia.edu articles re. Egypt

Willeke Wendrich Willeke Wendrich
University of California, Los Angeles, Near Eastern Languages and Cultures, Faculty Member

Ideas Concerning a New Egyptological Knowledge Base: the UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology

Egyptology has a long history of excavating, collecting, classifying, and studying ancient artefacts from Egypt. This scholarly endeavour of almost 200 years has resulted in an impressive accumulation of information of many different types. Much of this information is still relevant to scholars of today, and publications of the early 20th century or older are still used and quoted. The situation is quite different in the sciences. To scientists, articles written a decade earlier are often completely outdated, and it puzzles them that Egyptologists still make grateful use of books that were...
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An Archaeological Survey in the Northeastern Part of the Fayum
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The preservation of exposed mudbrick architecture in Karanis (Kom Aushim), Egypt
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Lake Level Changes, Lake Edge Basins and the Paleoenvironment of the Fayum North Shore, Egypt, during the Early to Mid-Holocene

Fluctuations in the levels of Lake Qarun, Fayum, Egypt have long been recognized and are associated with Epipalaeolithic and Neolithic occupations dating to the early to mid-Holocene, some of which contain early evidence for the presence of southwest Asian domestic plants and animals. Here evidence for the extent and timing of these lake level changes is reassessed based on the analysis of a satellite derived digital surface model of the north shore of Lake Qarun. A more accurate topography for the region casts doubts on previously published lake level changes. The topography of a series of...

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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http://dispatchesfromturtleisland.blogspot.com/2017/03/there-was-intense-selection-for-vivax.html

Vivax malaria & Duffy genes

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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Egypt cave drawing, Duffy antigen malaria
---

6ka Egypt pecked images - hunter, driver, ostrich

Egyptologists at the University of Bonn discovered rock art from the 4th millennium BC during an excavation at a necropolis near Aswan in Egypt. The paintings were engraved into the rock in the form of small dots and depict hunting scenes like those found in shamanic depictions
Read more at https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2017/03/egyptian-ritual-images-from-neolithic.html#Gt1l32WprthD71K8.99

peck/pick/pimp.le/prim.p/pamphlet/bimbo/ebembe

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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EpiLanguage: using ancient tongue to translate another, since both are closer to the last common ancestor tongue.

Epi(Gk)/Uber(Germ)/Upper/Ebu(Malay:ancestor)/Ebi - Oba (Yoruba name probably = bar(Hebrew) born of whoich = ovich(Russ) = Fitz(Scot)) related to egg/oval.
- - -

Representing linguistic structures

The philologist refers to this method as epilanguage; the Greek word epi translates as "on" or "above." Latin was superimposed over the foreign language. Thus, translators were able to represent the unfamiliar structures.

Reinhold Glei compiled his results by studying Arabic, Chinese and Persian texts and their respective translations from the period between the 17th and 19th centuries. He analysed, for example, various Quran translations. By comparing excerpts from the Latin translations with the originals, Glei identified to what extent the Latin versions reflected the structure of the original language.

An advantage of using the epilanguage was that it enabled translators to draw up neutral texts, before translating them into their respective vernacular language. "When Christians initially translated the Quran, the texts they created were for the most part ideologically charged. This resulted in corrupted translations," he says. Using Latin as epilanguage did not wholly eradicate the problem, but it was possible to represent the structure of the Arabic language in a more neutral manner.

Future perspectives

Research into epilanguage is still in its early stages. Reinhold Glei intends to analyse additional Latin translations from various languages, in order to gain a better grasp of the function of epilanguage. Glei also wishes to study another world language, namely Ancient Greek, in greater detail. His first impression is: "Ancient Greek appears to occur less frequently as epilanguage. This might be because the language is not dead; it lives on in Modern Greek."

Source: Ruhr-Universitaet-Bochum [March 27, 2017]
Read more at https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2017/03/using-latin-to-analyse-other-languages.html#X83atS47GCJQRI0k.99

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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Oldest dog from Papua?

http://www.sciencealert.com/the-world-s-rarest-and-most-ancient-dog-has-just-been-re-discovered-in-the-wild

Related to Papuan Singing Dog and Aust. Dingo, Carolina Dingo & Ridgeback dog.
- - -

Red-Yellow Dogs 1st domesticated at Phu Quoc Island by Pygmies to pull coracles over calm deep sea and later sleds over snow.(Husky is very close genetically, but has Tamyr wolf admixture).
Ridgebacks were specifically bred for this, with upcurled tail and ruff to hold; while the other ancient breeds were guard-hunting dogs.


DD ~ David ~ Da'ud ~ Diode ~ ∆^¥

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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The Dead Sea region suffered mega-droughts 115,000 & 10,000 years ago.

The area's thick ozone reduces the amount of solar and cosmic radiation.

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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Unpaywall - read articles inside the paywall

http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2017/04/04/announcing-unpaywall-unlocking-openaccess-versions-of-paywalled-research-articles-as-you-browse/

good research opening!

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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Curly hair, nose, lips, eyebrows

External projecting nose (unlike apes) + tightly curled hair (unlike all other mammals) + protruding everted lips (unlike most mammals) + distinct eyebrows (unlike apes, which have hairless boney browridges) = Tropical Rainforest Living in very small leopard-proof shallow-concave dome huts, physical sensing the interior in the dark = functional 'antennae'. The change from sleeping in exposed great ape aerial-arboreal bowl nests to dome huts on the rainforest floor (= wicker & leaves round-shields, no doorway initially, lifted/tilted for entry & egress, multi-functional sun-shade, rain-shed, foraging basket, baby cradle, hunting hide) combined with anti-insect smoldering fire produced selection for artificial-constructed micro-habitat unique to Homo species.

Moving away from tropical rainforest to exposure in drier climates resulted in alterations in hut form (cold, wind, direct sun) & height and resulted in variations of phenotype, including changes in form of nose (narrower & taller nasal spine), hair (bushier: sun, or, straighter & thicker: cold), lips (inverted: cold) and eyebrows (less projecting except in older men whose brows become bushy (primitive retention).

DD'eDeN

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https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-00548-3

Humans, chimps both derived from bonobos.

Congo River age: 1.5 - 2.5 ma, separating chimp sub-species 2ma.

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DD'eDeN
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Rapid Evolution of Lighter Skin
Pigmentation in Southern Africa
BRENNA M. HENN1
, MENG LIN1
, ALICIA R. MARTIN2
and REBECCA SIFORD1
1
Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University,
2
Analytic and Translational Genetics Unit, Department
of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and
Harvard Medical School, Boston
Skin pigmentation is under strong directional
selection for reduced melanin density in northern
European and Asian populations. Conversely, dark
pigmentation is thought to be under stabilizing
selection in equatorial populations exposed to
intense ultraviolet radiation. We high-throughput
sequenced pigmentation genes in over 400 indi-
viduals from South Africa and demonstrate that
a canonical skin pigmentation gene, SLC24A5,
experienced recent adaptive evolution in the
KhoeSan populations of far southern Africa.
The functionally caustive allele lightens basal
skin pigmentation by 4 melanin units, explaining
11.9% variance in pigmentation in these popu-
lations. Haplotype analysis and demographic
models indicate that the allele was introduced
into the KhoeSan only within the past 3,000
years likely by eastern African pastoralists. The
most common haplotype is shared among the
KhoeSan, eastern Africans and Europeans but
has risen to a frequency of 25%, far greater than
expected given initial gene flow. The SLC24A5
locus is a rare example of strong, ongoing adap-
tation in very recent human history.

The complicated genetic landscape of
skin color in India
FLORIN MIRCEA ILIESCU1
, GEORGE CHAPLIN2
,
NIRAJ RAI3
, GUY JACOBS1
, CHANDANA BASU
MALLICK4,5, ANSHUMAN MISHRA3
, RIE GOTO1
,
RAKESH TAMANG3
, GYANESHWER CHAUBEY4
,
IRENE GALLEGO ROMERO6
, FEDERICA
CRIVELLARO7
, RAMASAMY PITCHAPPAN8
,
LALJI SINGH3
, MARTA MIRAZON-LAHR7
, MAIT
METSPALU4,5, KUMARASAMY THANGARAJ3
,
TOOMAS KIVISILD1,4,5 and NINA G. JABLONSKI2
1
Archaeology and Anthropology, University of
Cambridge, 2
Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State
University, 3
CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular
Biology, Hyderabad, 4
Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, 5
Department of Evolutionary Biology, University
of Tartu, 6
School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang
Technological University, 7
Leverhulme Centre
for Human Evolutionary Studies, University of
Cambridge, 8
Chettinad Academy of Research and
Education, Chettinad Health City
Human skin color represents a classic example
of a quantitative trait that is highly polymorphic
in humans. Models based on natural selection
suggest that pigmentation variation has accu-
mulated in response to human dispersals and
colonization of diverse environments, primarily
due to differences in the damaging versus vitamin
D synthesis-related effects of UV radiation (UVR)
at different latitudes. Indian populations, despite
being spread across a relatively narrow latitudinal
range, show a high level of variation in skin color
phenotype. Using recorded Melanin Index (MI)
data from populations throughout the subcon-
tinent we previously suggested the presence of
phenotypic “overprinting” due to successive popu-
lation migrations and the action of both natural
and sexual selection forces. We now show that,
in the context of pronounced endogamy, the role
of the SLC24A5 functional polymorphism on skin
color variation in India is variable on a popula-
tion dependent basis. The presence of epistasis
between skin color genes in studied popula-
tions leads to some individuals homozygous
for the SLC24A5 European allele having highly
melanized skin; hence, the skin lightening effect
of the rs1426654-A allele is overridden by the
action of novel variants within skin color genes.
Finally, considering the migration patterns and
the variable social selection forces at play across
India, we tested the correlation between the skin
color dimorphism observed within some Indian
populations and genetic variation patterns. These
results thus further illustrate the complex genetic
landscape of skin color around the world and
warrant caution when predicting color pheno-
types from ancient DNA studies.
---

Can Small be All? The Limited
Commonalities of Mata Menge and Liang
Bua Hominins on Flores
MACIEJ HENNEBERG1
, ADAM J. KUPERAVAGE2
,
SAKDAPONG CHAVANAVES3
and ROBERT B.
ECKHARDT3
1
Adelaie Medical School, The University of Adelaide,
2
Department of Public and Allied Health Sciences,
Delaware State University, 3
Laboratory for the
Comparative Study of Morphology, Mechanics, and
Molecules Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania
State University
The original diagnosis of “Homo floresiensis”
from the Liang Bua skeletal remains listed among
numerous others these defining elements: Small-
bodied; endocranial volume similar to, or smaller
than, Australopithecus africanus; lacks masti-
catory adaptations present in Australopithecus
and Paranthropus; first and second molar teeth
of similar size; mandibular coronoid process
higher than condyle; mandible without chin. We
already have shown in 2015 that these and many
additional defining elements largely are those of
the LB1 individual, since most LB specimens are
represented by only one or two bones each. Even
some of the few duplicated elements differ: The
LB6 mandibular ramus is shorter than that of
LB1 and lacks a coronoid higher than condyloid
process. Statures originally were under-estimated
and are matched in regional extant small bodied
humans, as are small, chinless mandibles. The
Mata Menge (0.7 Ma) gnathic specimens include
a fragment of mandibular corpus (SOA-MM 4)
plus six teeth. These establish little other than
small size within the already known human
range. For example, SOA-MM1 shows uncor-
rected dimensions of 9.7 mm MD x 8.9 mm BL,
close to Klasies River Mouth KRM14624 (9.3x8.8)
and KRM43110 (10.2x9.1). Given the extremely
limited Flores skeletal evidence, and the known
unreliable correlations of body and brain size
with tooth sizes, it is premature to suggest that
the Mata Menge gnathic fragments establish
any more than previously known archaeological
evidence: the existence of hominins of as yet
indeterminable taxonomic status on an island
where Homo sapiens is known to have a living
and archeological presence.

DD ~ David ~ Da'ud ~ Diode ~ ∆^¥°∆

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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High frequencies of L1c (Pygmy admixture marker) among Southern African Bantus:


An interesting element is the commonality of L1c, typical of Western Pygmies and some other populations from Gabon (possibly representative of the wider West-Central Africa jungle region, not too well studied otherwise), among almost all Bantu populations in this dataset.


The exceptions are the Herero, Himba, Kgalagadi and Tswana (0%), as well as the NE Zambians (4%). All the rest have frequencies between 12% and 30%. Even the non-Bantu Damaras have 11% of it.


In my understanding this almost certainly implies a notable level of admixture with Western Pygmies of the Bantus from especially Angola and West Zambia. A phenomenon that may be widespread in Central-West Africa.


http://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com/2014/02/sw-african-bantu-matrilineages.html?showComment=1493719981959

It is notable however that at least many of the populations with the highest likely Khoisan admixture (in its various forms, discussed in the previous sections) have the lesser frequencies of L1c (Pygmy admixture). So to a great extent these two aboriginal influences in Bantu mtDNA seem mutually exclusive and were probably produced after settlement rather than "on the march".

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DD'eDeN
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https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170502204556.htm

Effects of urbanization on pigmentation

Did religious ritual (prohibiting meat of quadrupeds) and increased sedentary urban concentration select for increased rate of egg laying, nonaggression occur with changes in pigment (plumage, integument?) in medieval Europe? ___
I thought it had happened in India & SEAsia earlier, hybridizing gray & red jungle fowl?

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xyambuatlaya

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DD'eDeN
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Soot as pigment dates S African cave art to 5.7ka

http://www.nature.com/news/dreams-of-the-stone-age-dated-for-first-time-in-southern-africa-1.21924

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Edom kingdom 1,200BC copper mining South Jordan

http://jordantimes.com/news/local/excavations-overturn-long-held-beliefs-about-ancient-kingdom-edom-%E2%80%94-jordanian-scholar

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DD'eDeN
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The Huns had their own alphabet? Seals, brands, stamps, tamga ~ Indus Valley script?

http://english.donga.com/Home/3/all/26/914798/1

Tamga is unique symbols used by nomadic peoples, who used these symbols as stamp or seal to identify their livestock belonging to a specific owner. In addition, similar Tamga inscriptions were found on a die discovered at the Huns’ tomb in Gol Mod, Mongolia. “Tamga symbols are being discovered in sites where the Huns expanded and conquered,” Kang explained. “These symbols are in the shape of a rising sun and seem to represent the king.”

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xyambuatlaya

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http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/how-african-americans-disappeared-kentucky-derby-180963159/

In the 19th century – when horse racing was America’s most popular sport – former slaves populated the ranks of jockeys and trainers, and black men won more than half of the first 25 runnings of the Kentucky Derby.

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/how-african-americans-disappeared-kentucky-derby-180963159/#Fk7p6sfFoBW1EJU2.99

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xyambuatlaya

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A newly discovered 3,800 year-old pyramid at Dahsur has an inscription on a wooden box in its burial chamber that tells of a princess named "Hatshepset"

http://bit.ly/2r5U3UW

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xyambuatlaya

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Rickets in Britain: Bell Beaker Blog

http://bellbeakerblogger.blogspot.com/2017/05/rickets-is-answer.html

"Rickets is returning again to Britain, and the polite British media has so far failed to report that all of those cases are among immigrant children, not British children.

To put another way, there is a combination of traits that work together that include skin color and lactase persistence"

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xyambuatlaya

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PALEOECOLOGY, SUBSISTENCE, AND 14C CHRONOLOGY OF THE EURASIAN
CASPIAN STEPPE BRONZE AGE

Shishlina, Zazovskaya, VanderPlicht, Hedges, Sevastyanov, Chickagova
RADIOCARBON, Vol 51, Nr 2, 2009, p 481–499 [Link]

ABSTRACT. Combined analysis of paleoenvironment, 13C, 15N, and 14C in bone, including paired dating of human bone and terrestrial materials (herbivore bone, wood, charcoal, and textile) has been performed on many samples excavated from Russian
kurgan graves. The data can be used for dietary reconstruction, and reservoir corrections for 14C dating of human bone. The latter is essential for an accurate construction of chronologies for the Eneolithic and Bronze Age cultures of the Caspian

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xyambuatlaya

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http://dispatchesfromturtleisland.blogspot.com/2017/05/ancient-turtles-were-huge.html

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xyambuatlaya

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Plumage - feathers as defense decorum, social hierarchy

http://bellbeakerblogger.blogspot.com/2016/07/a-feature-for-your-cap-and-basket.html

In the English language, to say that a man 'has earned a feather to his cap' is to suggest that he has gained a new skill or passed an important milestone. Similar traditions around Europe can be found as Richard Hansard noted in the Description of Hungary (1599):

"It hath been an ancient custom among them [Hungarians] that none should wear a fether but he who had killed a Turk, to whom onlie yt was lawful to shew the number of his slaine enemys by the number of fethers in his cappe."

Another commonality that can be found across Eurasia and America is that it often appears to have been a personal martial decoration. For example, in Scotland it went to the best marksman, hunter or chieftain, in Hungary to the man who had killed a Turk. (basically a more ancient version of medals, badges and service ribbons). Feathers were also use as a trophy, as when The Black Prince slayed King John of Bohemia, taking King John's ostrich plume for his personal coat of arms.

What's interesting is that the baskets' circumference is about what should be expected for the quill of larger birds, such as a raptor, goose or ostrich. I've done some analysis on these items based on measurements taken by the British museum and they appear to curl between 22mm and 30mm and, with a few exceptions, are remarkably close to each other. This recently discovered (and unmolested) Kirkhaugh basket has an interesting shape because it could be taking the form of an eagle flight feather quill (which is not perfectly round, but more of a spherical triangle).


- - -

Japanese military & Aztec warriors used feather armor.

Was the feather basket actually a feathered cap?

Plumage (quill pen/finger paint) = ebembe ~ emblem

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xyambuatlaya

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Per Plato, Atlantis story given to his ancestor Solon at Temple of Sais, Egypt. Sais ~ Tanais = Donetz/Don River per Herodotus.

Bosporus is the name of 2 different straits, one at Anatolia linking Dardanelles (Jordan-Helles?) to Black Sea, the other at Kerch linking Crimea to Caspian Sea near Don River.

Edene is the name of a spring 5 km NE of Gobekle Tepe (11ka temple of T shaped pillars).

Yoruba terms -
Ogba: garden
Eju: wilderness
Igbo: forest

Mbuti terms -
Njama: closed-forest thicket
Ndula/endura: forest interior

Hebrew term -
Gan: enclosed garden

Arabic term -
Jannah: paradise

Persian term - (paradise)
Firdaus: enclosed garden

French term -
Jardin: garden

Malay term -
Kebun: garden

So likely, *uangbuatlaya which I'd link to xyuamba.tlaya(womb area + compost) =of.fer.tile/title/tilth, firdaus, garden grown due to family food debris + manure(human & animal) in backyard/Or?chard~(uar)guard ~ wall/ward/watered/waged/wasted(egested, pro-ject-ile)
Note: Jam linked, pemmican, (com)pound.


https://tepetelegrams.wordpress.com/2017/04/10/just-dont-call-it-the-garden-of-eden/comment-page-1/#comment-598

Your comment is awaiting moderation.
05/14/2017 at 20:05
According to my research, the roots of the Garden of Eden (eDeN) legend, Noah’s flood (and 9 other flood hero stories), and Plato’s Atlantis resulted from the post-glacial Atlantic Marine Incursion (Black Sea Deluge 7.7ka Ryan & Pitman), based on the position around the Crimea at a confluence of 4 Rivers: DaNube, DNieper, DNiester and DoNetz(TaNais per Herodotus-Strabo), when the Black Sea was the largest (non-frozen) freshwater oasis in Europe & Asia during and after the Ice Age. If valid, then the oldest signs at Gobekle Tepe might refer to trade or transit there, while post-deluge signs might refer to its utter destruction & death. I see no indications that GT was part of the Garden of Eden itself.

--
DD ~ David ~ Da'ud ~ Diode ~ ∆^¥°∆

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Photo of the "oldest people", they have Y DNA A00 preceding AMHs origin, from the forest of Cameroon, Pygmies with some introgression

 -

http://forwhattheywereweare.blogspot.com/2013/03/cameroonian-y-dna-lineage-a00-is-older.html?showComment=1495446982192


Dobba MakaleMay 21, 2017 at 5:01 PM

Hi,

It was said that, so far, the oldest y-dna haplogroup is A00. First, it was found in an African-American individual whose ancestor named Perry and then later it was also found in several people of Bangwa-Nweh tribe and Mbo tribe in Cameroon. So, that means the earliest people are not the Khoisan anymore right? Anyway, the link below is the picture of people with A00.

http://b2.ifrm.com/67/29/0/p707309/12716427_923427764439575_5125519943074767696_o_opt__1_.jpg

So, could the earliest Homo Sapiens possibly look like them?
- - -

Njambuandgualua/rainforest
Xyuambongjalachaya/outskirts
!Hxaro/desert

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http://s1.zetaboards.com/anthroscape/topic/8102846/1/

http://cuevadelapileta.blogspot.com/2017/05/japans-oldest-human-skeleton-found-in.html

A human skeleton thought to be the oldest in Japan has been found in a collapsed cave in Okinawa, a local museum said Friday, adding that it appears to be around 27,000 years old.
The nearly complete skeleton, dating from the Old Stone Age, appears to have been intentionally placed in the cave, providing the first evidence of a funerary rite dating from that period, according to the Okinawa Prefecture Archeological Center.
Previously, the oldest human bones discovered in Japan were a set dating from around 22,000 years ago that were found in the southern part of Okinawa Island.
The skeleton was discovered in Shirahosaonetabaru cave on Ishigaki Island during research at the site from 2010 to 2016.
- - -

http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/latest-news/aust-coastal-occupation-50000-years-old/news-story/c2ae41497bdd77599f2d0a94e5cba98f

Aust coastal island occupation '50,000 years old'

"Indigenous people lived along Australia's coast about 50,000 years ago, archaeologists say, after discovering dietary remains on an island off Western Australia. The remains in a cave on Barrow Island, about 50km off the Pilbara
coast, provide the earliest evidence of the coastal occupation of Australia, says Professor Peter Veth, the study's lead archaeologist from the University of Western Australia. "We've actually got very firm evidence of people living on the coast
that we didn't have before," he said. "The cave was used predominantly as a hunting shelter about 50,000 and 30,000 years ago before becoming a residential base for family groups after 10,000 years ago."

(I thought the Buti/Booty island site was older, 55ka?)

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Eastern Mediterranean site of Graecopithecus, possibly the oldest hominid with human-like dentition.

http://www.cbc.ca/beta/news/technology/7-2-million-year-old-pre-human-1.4124407

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the questioner
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All languages to all extents are related

--------------------
Questions expose liars

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the questioner: "All languages to all extents are related"

<corrected form>

the questioner: "Are all languages to all extents related?"


Languages derive from a single ancestral oral communication system, almost certainly descended from mother & child speech reciprocal facial gestures. The muscles of the face are the only muscles directly attached to the skin, and are involved in vital signaling.

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Bump

quote:
Originally posted by DD'eDeN:
Rapid Evolution of Lighter Skin
Pigmentation in Southern Africa
BRENNA M. HENN1
, MENG LIN1
, ALICIA R. MARTIN2
and REBECCA SIFORD1
1
Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University,
2
Analytic and Translational Genetics Unit, Department
of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital and
Harvard Medical School, Boston
Skin pigmentation is under strong directional
selection for reduced melanin density in northern
European and Asian populations. Conversely, dark
pigmentation is thought to be under stabilizing
selection in equatorial populations exposed to
intense ultraviolet radiation. We high-throughput
sequenced pigmentation genes in over 400 indi-
viduals from South Africa and demonstrate that
a canonical skin pigmentation gene, SLC24A5,
experienced recent adaptive evolution in the
KhoeSan populations of far southern Africa.
The functionally caustive allele lightens basal
skin pigmentation by 4 melanin units, explaining
11.9% variance in pigmentation in these popu-
lations. Haplotype analysis and demographic
models indicate that the allele was introduced
into the KhoeSan only within the past 3,000
years likely by eastern African pastoralists. The
most common haplotype is shared among the
KhoeSan, eastern Africans and Europeans but
has risen to a frequency of 25%, far greater than
expected given initial gene flow. The SLC24A5
locus is a rare example of strong, ongoing adap-
tation in very recent human history.

The complicated genetic landscape of
skin color in India
FLORIN MIRCEA ILIESCU1
, GEORGE CHAPLIN2
,
NIRAJ RAI3
, GUY JACOBS1
, CHANDANA BASU
MALLICK4,5, ANSHUMAN MISHRA3
, RIE GOTO1
,
RAKESH TAMANG3
, GYANESHWER CHAUBEY4
,
IRENE GALLEGO ROMERO6
, FEDERICA
CRIVELLARO7
, RAMASAMY PITCHAPPAN8
,
LALJI SINGH3
, MARTA MIRAZON-LAHR7
, MAIT
METSPALU4,5, KUMARASAMY THANGARAJ3
,
TOOMAS KIVISILD1,4,5 and NINA G. JABLONSKI2
1
Archaeology and Anthropology, University of
Cambridge, 2
Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State
University, 3
CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular
Biology, Hyderabad, 4
Estonian Biocentre, Tartu, 5
Department of Evolutionary Biology, University
of Tartu, 6
School of Biological Sciences, Nanyang
Technological University, 7
Leverhulme Centre
for Human Evolutionary Studies, University of
Cambridge, 8
Chettinad Academy of Research and
Education, Chettinad Health City
Human skin color represents a classic example
of a quantitative trait that is highly polymorphic
in humans. Models based on natural selection
suggest that pigmentation variation has accu-
mulated in response to human dispersals and
colonization of diverse environments, primarily
due to differences in the damaging versus vitamin
D synthesis-related effects of UV radiation (UVR)
at different latitudes. Indian populations, despite
being spread across a relatively narrow latitudinal
range, show a high level of variation in skin color
phenotype. Using recorded Melanin Index (MI)
data from populations throughout the subcon-
tinent we previously suggested the presence of
phenotypic “overprinting” due to successive popu-
lation migrations and the action of both natural
and sexual selection forces. We now show that,
in the context of pronounced endogamy, the role
of the SLC24A5 functional polymorphism on skin
color variation in India is variable on a popula-
tion dependent basis. The presence of epistasis
between skin color genes in studied popula-
tions leads to some individuals homozygous
for the SLC24A5 European allele having highly
melanized skin; hence, the skin lightening effect
of the rs1426654-A allele is overridden by the
action of novel variants within skin color genes.
Finally, considering the migration patterns and
the variable social selection forces at play across
India, we tested the correlation between the skin
color dimorphism observed within some Indian
populations and genetic variation patterns. These
results thus further illustrate the complex genetic
landscape of skin color around the world and
warrant caution when predicting color pheno-
types from ancient DNA studies.
---

Can Small be All? The Limited
Commonalities of Mata Menge and Liang
Bua Hominins on Flores
MACIEJ HENNEBERG1
, ADAM J. KUPERAVAGE2
,
SAKDAPONG CHAVANAVES3
and ROBERT B.
ECKHARDT3
1
Adelaie Medical School, The University of Adelaide,
2
Department of Public and Allied Health Sciences,
Delaware State University, 3
Laboratory for the
Comparative Study of Morphology, Mechanics, and
Molecules Department of Kinesiology, Pennsylvania
State University
The original diagnosis of “Homo floresiensis”
from the Liang Bua skeletal remains listed among
numerous others these defining elements: Small-
bodied; endocranial volume similar to, or smaller
than, Australopithecus africanus; lacks masti-
catory adaptations present in Australopithecus
and Paranthropus; first and second molar teeth
of similar size; mandibular coronoid process
higher than condyle; mandible without chin. We
already have shown in 2015 that these and many
additional defining elements largely are those of
the LB1 individual, since most LB specimens are
represented by only one or two bones each. Even
some of the few duplicated elements differ: The
LB6 mandibular ramus is shorter than that of
LB1 and lacks a coronoid higher than condyloid
process. Statures originally were under-estimated
and are matched in regional extant small bodied
humans, as are small, chinless mandibles. The
Mata Menge (0.7 Ma) gnathic specimens include
a fragment of mandibular corpus (SOA-MM 4)
plus six teeth. These establish little other than
small size within the already known human
range. For example, SOA-MM1 shows uncor-
rected dimensions of 9.7 mm MD x 8.9 mm BL,
close to Klasies River Mouth KRM14624 (9.3x8.8)
and KRM43110 (10.2x9.1). Given the extremely
limited Flores skeletal evidence, and the known
unreliable correlations of body and brain size
with tooth sizes, it is premature to suggest that
the Mata Menge gnathic fragments establish
any more than previously known archaeological
evidence: the existence of hominins of as yet
indeterminable taxonomic status on an island
where Homo sapiens is known to have a living
and archeological presence.

DD ~ David ~ Da'ud ~ Diode ~ ∆^¥°∆


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xyyman
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Thanks for the link DDeden. This paper when publish will answer a lot of questions. Both Henn's paper may contradict Martin et al

since 2013 and the paper was never published.....wow!!!!!
The Genetic Architecture Of Skin Pigmentation In Southern Africa. A. R. Martin1
-
'After controlling for admixture from European and Bantu-speaking populations, we find that globally common variants are not significantly associated with pigmentation. Rather, our results indicate that there are a multitude of rare variants in known pigmentation genes, and suggest that previously unidentified genes acting in canonical pigmentation pathways may be involved'
"The KhoeSan hunter-gatherers, believed to have diverged from other populations 100,000 years ago, maintain extraordinary levels of genetic diversity, but it is unknown whether light skin pigmentation represents convergent evolution or the ancestral human phenotype"

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xyyman
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You may find this interesting. But I knew it. "Pay me a dollar $ 9". As I said white skin came from Africa. And to irate by brothas. It may be "ancestral".


--
A Complex, Polygenic Architecture for Lightened Skin Pigmentation in the Southern African KhoeSan
ALICIA R. MARTIN1,2,3,

April 21, 2017 , Studio 7 Add to calendar

While >200 genes have been associated with pigmentation in animal models, fewer than 15 have been directly associated with skin pigmentation in humans. This has led to its characterization as a relatively simple quantitative trait. We show that skin color is more variable in admixed and equatorial populations by comparing phenotypes from ~5000 individuals in >30 populations, providing evidence of increased polygenicity closer to the equator. ***Strikingly***, no quantitative gene discovery efforts for pigmentation have yet been published in continental Africa, despite skin pigmentation varying more there than any other continent. Light skin pigmentation is observed in the southern latitudes of Africa among KhoeSan hunter-gatherers of the Kalahari Desert. The KhoeSan are unique in their early divergence from other populations, dating back at least ~100,000 years. We demonstrate that skin pigmentation is highly heritable (h2>0.85), with similar estimates from pedigrees identified via ethnographic interviews, unrelated population-based samples, and haplotype sharing. Further, genes previously associated with skin pigmentation, rapidly evolving genes, and pigmentation genes discovered in animal models explain significantly more heritability than random genes. We show that some canonical pigmentation loci, including SLC24A5, are polymorphic in the KhoeSan and at higher frequency than explained by recent European admixture alone. We identify novel skin pigmentation loci, including near SMARCA2 and TYRP1, using a genome-wide association approach complemented by targeted resequencing in >440 individuals. Our results suggest that pigmentation loci can evolve rapidly in response to latitude and highlight the utility of studying geographically and genetically diverged populations for understanding human adaptation.

--------------------
Without data you are just another person with an opinion - Deming

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So there are "good" white people. Here the author is stating he doesn't understand why Africa is not studied more in trying to understand the ...white skin. Strikingly=they do not want to know. Delusion?
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DD'eDeN
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xyyman, glad you saw it. I'm no geneticist, so I can't interpret it for sure. I view the KhoeSan as a branch of Batwa Pygmies that split south & east to Rift long long ago.

--------------------
xyambuatlaya

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Man, I would like to get my hands on this paper. Like to see the data. So like Shriver proposed white skin is African,,,,who would of thought.

--------------------
Without data you are just another person with an opinion - Deming

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http://precedings.nature.com/documents/1751/version/2/html

Molecular clock errant?
Phenotype divergence vs Genotype divergence

African Pygmies are most genotypically divergent, while OOA2 are most phenotypically divergent.


H/T Jack @AAT

--------------------
xyambuatlaya

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https://www.newscientist.com/article/2132748-monkey-mafia-steal-your-stuff-then-sell-it-back-for-a-cracker/?utm_source=NSNS&utm_medium=ILC&utm_campaign=webpush&cmpid=ILC%257CNSNS%2 57C2016-GLOBAL-webpush-monkey-mafia

--------------------
xyambuatlaya

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"While great apes typically have two or three separate and diverging roots, the roots of Graecopithecus converge and are partially fused — a feature that is characteristic of modern humans, early humans and several pre-humans including Ardipithecus and Australopithecus,"

Note: "great apes (today) *typically* have 2 or 3 roots". Do any apes have partially fused roots? Is it a variable epigenetic morphological function of diet? Is it variable among geographically disparate human populations? Is it found in Sahelanthropus or Oreopithecus, (both upright bipedalist)?

" geological evidence to support a climate similar to present-day Africa. Giraffes, antelopes and even rhinoceros lived in that region for some time."

Short-necked giraffes (Okapi)?

"there's another significant finding: that human split occurred in the eastern Mediterranean and not Africa, as it is believed."

Unless chimp, gorilla or orangutan fossils are found there, the split could have happened in Africa, with only hominid ancestors moving east to Greece & Thrace.

" Changing conditions may have forced the animals and pre-humans toward the equator, to Africa."

The teeth date between the Tortonian & Messinian crises, partial drying up of the Mediterranean, while the Black Sea was the central EurAsian oasis during the droughts and ice ages, until the post-glacial Eden-Atlantis marine incursion 7.7ka which was the impetus for outward emigration: PIE north, Sumer south, Semitic east Qazharite/Qshrut then south Horite, etc.











me (DDeden aka note/nickname/alas_my_loves change)



May 26



The ape from Atlantis/Adan-eDeN

Moon & Menstruation-ovulation cycle 29.53 days AMHs female

Gibbons, orangutans & humans = upright bipeds, all menstruatrate on moon cycle 29 days. (Graecopithecus, Ardipithecus, Australopithecus included; Oreopithecus & Sahelanthropus also likely.

Chimps, gorillas (knuckle-walk) and monkeys(palm-walk) = ground-readapted quadrupeds, do not menstruate on moon cycle eg. 10, 18, 23 days.

Graecopithecus has fused-root canine teeth, this is typical in all Homo species, Ardipithecus & Australopithecus, and not typical in chimp or gorilla.











me (DDeden aka note/nickname/alas_my_loves change)



2:35 PM (less than a minute ago)



Tooth truth: Human teeth tell the story of humanity through our fragile relationship with the sun
Date:May 18, 2017 Source:McMaster University Summary:Researchers have developed a new method to read imperfections in teeth caused by a lack of sunlight, creating a powerful tool to trace events ranging from human evolution and migration out of Africa to the silent damage of vitamin D deficiency that continues to affect 1 billion worldwide

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170518140323.htm


- show quoted text -

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xyambuatlaya

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.

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Domicile
Dome.shield
Endu.mongolu/magal=shell
Endome/Entomb/Endo.womb
In.mom's.belly/shell/shade

Pharaoh= "house" actually ca.mpfire.r/Shah.Emperor/ferry pilot. (Verified)

Shekel= drilled ostrich eggshell (!hxaro) bead cf Chinese coin exchanged for ferry ride on coracle/qufarigolu/coupon.

Via !hxaro (KhoiSan !kung), seal, shell, sale, haggle, heil, shalo.m, share, fare, ferry etc.

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quote:
Originally posted by DD'eDeN:
[Q] http://precedings.nature.com/documents/1751/version/2/html

Molecular clock errant? AGREED!!
Phenotype divergence vs Genotype divergence WITH YOU

African Pygmies are most genotypically divergent, while OOA2 are most phenotypically divergent. Quite possibly


H/T Jack @AAT [/QB]



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Without data you are just another person with an opinion - Deming

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Dhofar, Israel 60ka




Israeli study finds Neanderthals had versatile habitats

Posted: 08 Jun 2017 01:00 PM PDT

The Neanderthals, known in folklore as “cavemen”, conducted much of their activities in the open landscape. According to the study published today in the journal Scientific Reports by an international team lead by Israeli researchers, Neanderthals in the Levant constituted a resilient population that survived successfully in caves and open landscapes 60,000 years ago, when dispersing modern humans reached the region. The lower limbs...
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New excavations at Samahram Oman reveal evidence of human presence 60,000 years ago

Posted: 08 Jun 2017 11:00 AM PDT

Results of new excavations at World Heritage site of Khor Rori also popular as Samahram in Dhofar have revealed startling new evidence that human presence on the site dates back to the Palaeolithic Period, from a time some 60,000 years ago. The findings also show that Samahram was at the core of maritime/commercial network, acting as a bridge between the East and the West on the rising trade and cultural route between faraway lands...

TANN

Dhofar- Sharaha raise cattle in dome huts & caves continuously, smolder frankincense to repel insects, ancient scrawlings in caves, betel trilithons- pyramidal, per Road to Ubar.

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Kuumat/Kemet/KMT
Xyuam(b)uat - sieve.mom.body = sky-filtered mother-hut

Xya - sky/shine/skin/external
Xyua - sieve/through/filtered
Ndula - inside/internal (Mbuti)
Dua - 2, divide in two (Malay)

IMO by the Agricultural era, kmt may have had altered meanings, including skintone or soilshade
- - -
ndjama/jambo thicken/meet-m.ate.r + p.ate.r
Xyambua / ebembe bodypaint
!hxaro etch eggshell
carta/chart/card (Portolan sea maps)

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xyambuatlaya

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Depigmented blind cave fish are assymetrical!

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/05/170524191558.htm

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xyambuatlaya

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Jewish Psychologist Romanian-born David Wechsler - human intelligence testing: Bellevue-Wechsler scale (IQ test)

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xyambuatlaya

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This is intriguing.

Does reading or saying or hearing the word "sunshine" make your pupils constrict just as if you were suddenly exposed to bright sunshine? This study claims so:

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/06/170615084852.htm

The meaning of a word is enough to trigger a reaction in our pupil: when we read or hear a word with a meaning associated with luminosity ("sun," "shine," etc.), our pupils contract as they would if they were actually exposed to greater luminosity. And the opposite occurs with a word associated with darkness ("night," "gloom," etc.). These results open up a new avenue for better understanding how our brain processes language.

DD: Interesting hypothesis, which I have found to be more true than I would have thought long ago. Our words are both a projection (of sound and meaning) today and a reflection (echo) from the past words of our deep ancestors. It is not a mere accident that Sun is similar to shine and sky and skin and surface. In other languages, words of different sounds but of the same meaning eg. ari (daylight) is linked to aurat (fur/hair radiating out from body) and aurora (glow radiating out from solar/stellar body). The pupillary light response is physical reaction to brightness, as is the photic sneeze in some people, dark adaptation is the opposite. Are these also found in reading, writing, hearing words? How about blind people? how about people in rainforest vs. open plains?

1.Sebastiaan Mathôt, Jonathan Grainger, Kristof Strijkers. Pupillary Responses to Words That Convey a Sense of Brightness or Darkness. Psychological Science, 2017; 095679761770269 DOI: 10.1177/0956797617702699

All in the eyes: What the pupils tells us about language

Date:June 15, 2017 Source:CNRS Summary:The meaning of a word is enough to trigger a reaction in our pupil: when we read or hear a word with a meaning associated with luminosity ("sun," "shine," etc.), our pupils contract as they would if they were actually exposed to greater luminosity. And the opposite occurs with a word associated with darkness ("night," "gloom," etc.). These results open up a new avenue for better understanding how our brain processes language.

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xyambuatlaya

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Holy rock

Mysterious holes drilled in Sudanese rocks supported makeshift shelters

Read more at https://archaeologynewsnetwork.blogspot.com/2017/06/mysterious-holes-drilled-in-sudanese.html#Cf20y9q4HSQUarP3.99

This reminds me of holed stones in Israel made by snails, which dissolve the limestone.

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A 3,400 year-old tomb, originally built for a "master gold worker" named "Khnummose," has been discovered on Sai Island, on the Nile River, in Sudan. Discoveries include an inscribed stone shabti and heart scarab.

https://www.livescience.com/59534-ancient-nubia-tomb-of-gold-worker-found.html

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xyambuatlaya

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